United States Average Monthly or Annual Maximum Temperature, 1971-2000

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Lineage:

Identification_Information:
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.3000
Description:
Abstract:
This data set contains spatially gridded average monthly and annual maximum temperature for the climatological period 1971-2000. Distribution of the point measurements to a spatial grid was accomplished using the PRISM model, developed and applied by Chris Daly of the PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University.
Purpose:
Display and/or analyses requiring spatially distributed monthly or annual maximum temperature for the climatological period 1971-2000.
Supplemental_Information:
There are many methods of interpolating climate from monitoring stations to grid points. Some provide estimates of acceptable accuracy in flat terrain, but few have been able to adequately explain the extreme, complex variations in climate that occur in mountainous regions. Significant progress in this area has been achieved through the development of PRISM (Parameter-elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model). PRISM is an analytical model that uses point data and an underlying grid such as a digital elevation model (DEM) or a 30 yr climatological average (e.g. 1971- 2000 average) to generate gridded estimates of monthly and annual precipitation and temperature (as well as other climatic parameters). PRISM is well suited to regions with mountainous terrain, because it incorporates a conceptual framework that addresses the spatial scale and pattern of orographic processes. Grids were modeled on a monthly basis. Annual grids of temperature are produced by averaging the monthly grids, and summing for precipitation.
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Title:
United States Average Monthly or Annual Maximum Temperature, 1971-2000
Online_Linkage:
\\gisimage\images\LandcovMaint\NewRasterData\Temperature\kc_ann_tmax_f
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Originator: The PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University.
Publication_Date: 20061206
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Publisher: The PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University.
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -122.555817
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -121.067999
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 47.791669
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 47.073170
Keywords:
Place:
Place_Keyword: King County
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Washington state
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: maximum temperature
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Wayne Gibson
Contact_Organization: PRISM Group
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
The PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, 2001 Kelley Engineering Center
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: Oregon
Postal_Code: 97331-2209
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (541) 737-2531
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gibson@nacse.org
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19710101
Ending_Date: 20001231
Currentness_Reference:
Climatological period from which the point observations were taken.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Date: 20111025
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Wayne Gibson
Contact_Organization: The PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
The PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, 2001 Kelley Engineering Center
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97331
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (541) 737-2531

Distribution_Information:
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 0.114
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Wayne Gibson
Contact_Organization: The PRISM Climate Group
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
The PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, 2001 Kelley Engineering Center
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97331
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (541) 737-2531
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gibson@nacse.org
Distribution_Liability:
This digital data set publication was prepared by the PRISM Climate Group. Neither the PRISM Climate Group nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or misuse of the data, or for damage, transmission of viruses or computer contamination through the distribution of these data sets or for the usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the PRISM Climate Group or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the PRISM Climate Group or any agency thereof.

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 103
Column_Count: 146
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 2500.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 2500.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: survey feet
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Lambert Conformal Conic
Lambert_Conformal_Conic:
Standard_Parallel: 47.500000
Standard_Parallel: 48.733333
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -120.833333
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 47.000000
False_Easting: 1640416.666667
False_Northing: 0.000000
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_North_American_1983_HARN
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Publication_Date: 2006
Title: United States Summary of the Day Cooperative, (DSI-3200)
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Asheville, NC, USA
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Type_of_Source_Media: digital files
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19710101
Ending_Date: 20001231
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: DSI3200
Source_Contribution:
Location and values of known average monthly and annual maximum temperature
Logical_Consistency_Report:
All data were based on the same averaging period (1971-2000). Similar quality assurance procedures were used with all input data sets.
Completeness_Report:
Point estimates of temperature originated from some or all of the following sources: 1) National Weather Service (NWS) Cooperative (COOP) stations, 2) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) SNOTEL, 3) United States Forest Service (USFS) and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) RAWS Stations, 4) Bureau of Reclemation (AGRIMET) stations, 5) California Data Exchange Center (CDEC) stations, 6) Storage guages, 7) NRCS Snowcourse stations, 8) Other State and local station networks, 9) Estimated station data, 0) Canadian stations, 10) Upper air stations, and 11) NWS/Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Automated surface observation stations (ASOS). All COOP station data were subjected to quality control checks by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). All COOP, SNOTEL and other data were subjected to further quality control checks by the PRISM Climate Group.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Accuracy of this data set is based on the original specification of the Defense Mapping Agency (DMA) 1 degree digital elevation models (DEM). The stated accuracy of the original DEMs are 130 m circular error with 90% probability.
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value: 130 m with 90% probability
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Explanation: The broad DMA production objective for 1-degree DEM's.

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: average maximum temperature grid cell value
Entity_Type_Definition: ASCII values
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Self-evident
Attribute:
Attribute_Definition: spatially gridded average maximum temperature
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Daly, C., W. P. Gibson, G.H. Taylor, G. L. Johnson, P. Pasteris. 2002. A knowledge-based approach to the statistical mapping of climate. Climate Research, 22, 99-113, 2002
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -1250
Range_Domain_Maximum: 4659
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Degrees C times 100 (converted to Fahrenheit)

City: Corvallis

Country: US

City: Corvallis

Country: US

City: Corvallis

Country: US

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Wed Apr 10 12:33:54 2013