National Land Cover Database Zone 01 Imperviousness Layer

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20030901
Title: National Land Cover Database Zone 01 Imperviousness Layer
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: None
Issue_Identification: None
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
References:Yang, L, C. Huang, C. Homer, B. Wylie, and M. Coan, 2002. An approach for mapping large-area impervious surfaces: Synergistic use of Landsat 7 ETM+ and high spatial resolution imagery. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 29: 2, 230-240.Homer, C., C. Huang, L. Yang, B. Wylie and M. Coan, 2004. Development of a 2001 national land cover database for the United States. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing.The USGS acknowledges the support of Space Imaging in development of data in this zone.
Online_Linkage: <http://www.mrlc.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
The National Land Cover Database 2001 for mapping zone 01 was produced through a cooperative project conducted by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium. The MRLC Consortium is a partnership of federal agencies (www.mrlc.gov), consisting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), the National Park Service (NPS), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). One of the primary goals of the project is to generate a current, consistent, seamless, and accurate National Land Cover Database (NLCD) circa 2001 for the United States at medium spatial resolution. For a detailed definition and discussion on MRLC and the NLCD 2001 products, refer to Homer et al. (2003) and <http://www.mrlc.gov/mrlc2k.asp.The> NLCD 2001 was created by partitioning the U.S. into mapping zones. A total of 66 mapping zones were delineated within the conterminous U.S. based on ecoregion and geographical characteristics, edge matching features and the size requirement of Landsat mosaics. Mapping zone 01 encompasses western portion of Washington. Questions about the NLCD mapping zone 01 can be directed to the NLCD 2001 land cover mapping team at the National Center, EROS, Sioux Falls, SD (605) 594-6151 or mrlc@usgs.gov.
Purpose:
The goal of this project is to provide the Nation with complete, current and consistent public domain information on its land use and land cover.
Supplemental_Information:
Corner Coordinates (center of pixel, projection meters)Upper Left Corner: -2154300 meters(X), 3183760 meters(Y)Lower Right Corner: -1730730 meters(X), 2774050 meters(Y)Spatial-specific information not available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990730
Ending_Date: 20020226
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -122.72260619
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -120.99989071
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 48.17487285
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 46.98131912
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Imperviousness
Theme_Keyword: GIS
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: digital spatial data
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Category
Theme_Keyword: imagery
Theme_Keyword: Base Maps
Theme_Keyword: Earth Cover
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, and their principal administrative divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard 10-4,): Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: U.S.
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: zone 01
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Washington
Place_Keyword: WA
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Services Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: National Center, EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 605/594-6933
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: custserv@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact_Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating to the data display and download from this web site. For questions regarding data content and quality, refer to:<http://www.mrlc.gov/mrlc2k.asp> or email: mrlc@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit: U.S. Geological Survey, NOAA C-CAP, and Space Imaging.
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: None
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: N/A
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 1; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.0.0.535

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The information on data quality for mapping zone 01 was generated by the Regression Tree algorithm that conducts a cross-validation for assessing classification and prediction reliability. No formal independent accuracy assessment of mapping zone 01 imperviousness has been made. The regression tree algorithm employed in NLCD 2001 mapping offers a cross-validation option for assessing classification and prediction reliability. Cross-validation can provide relatively reliable estimates for imperviousness predictions if the reference data used for cross-validation are collected based on a statistically valid sampling design. For mapping zone 01 imperviousness modeling, a 5-fold cross-validation was conducted by dividing the entire training data set into 5 subsets of equal size. For each model run, an accuracy estimate was derived using one subset to evaluate the model prediction (with the model developed using the remaining training samples). This process was repeated 5 times. After all 5 runs, an average value of all accuracy estimates from the 5 runs was computed. Users should be cautioned that these cross-validation results provide users with only first-order estimates of data quality, and should not be considered a formal accuracy assessment.
Quantitative_Attribute_Accuracy_Assessment:
Attribute_Accuracy_Value: 86.2
Attribute_Accuracy_Explanation:
The above listed value is the overall accuracy obtained for imperviousness data in the cross-validation study for mapping zone 01.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
The method employed to map percent imperviousness for NLCD 2001 mapping zone 01 consists of three key steps: deriving reference data of imperviousness from the high spatial resolution images, calibrating density prediction models using reference data and Landsat spectral bands, and extrapolating the developed models spatially to map per-pixel imperviousness.
Completeness_Report:
This NLCD product of mapping zone 01 Imperviousness layer is the version dated 10-01-2004.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: N/A
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: N/A
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The method employed to map percent imperviousness for NLCD 2001 mapping zone 01 consists of three key steps: deriving reference data of imperviousness from the high spatial resolution images, calibrating density prediction models using reference data and Landsat spectral bands, and extrapolating the developed models spatially to map per-pixel imperviousness. This method is described in detail in Yang et al. (2003). This method was applied to mapping zone 01 by Space Imaging.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Landsat ETM, DOQQ, National Center, EROS
Process_Date: Unknown
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS NLCD
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Space Imaging
Contact_Person: Maria Fiorella
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 421 South West 6th Avenue
City: Portland
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97204
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 503/228-8708
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: NA
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 503/228-8751
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: portland@sanborn.com
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
To develop adequate training data for impervious estimation, 10 1-m resolution IKONOS images across the mapping zone with a nominal spatial resolution of 1-m were classified into either pervious or non-pervious surfaces, and then summed within each 30 meter Landsat pixel cell to obtain percentage of imperviousness. Training data were selected based on the degree of variance each training data set possesses with regards to Landsat ETM+ imagery used for mapping. Each added training data set decreased the amount of variance present within the Landsat data as a whole. The selection process was repeated until the amount of variance explained reached a pre-defined threshold.By combining the training data with Landsat spectral data and other ancillary data, percent imperviousness prediction models were developed using a regression tree algorithm (named "Cubist"). All data layers used as input for running the Cubist in order to establish the prediction model for imperviousness are listed in the "Supplemental Information" section. Three ancillary data sets were used for urban/suburban delineation masking, which is essential to confine the imperviousness mapping within the developed areas.After the best combination of possible input data layers had been determined and the final percent impervious layer produced, the urban mask created was used to eliminate those pixels from the final percent impervious file that fall outside identified impervious surface areas. Thus, the impervious pixels identified within the mask were retained, while all non-impervious surface pixels were removed from the final product. This corrected for any small areas of pixels that may have been included as part of the impervious surface layer because their spectral signature was not covered in the Cubist modeling process. Finally, visual inspection of imperviousness layer was made with limited manual editing to eliminate non-urban areas based on area of interest delineated by the mapping team.Acquisition dates of Landsat ETM+ (TM) scenes used for land cover classification in zone 01 are as follows:SPRING-Index 1 for Path 45/Row 26 on 03/21/01 = Scene_ID 5045026000108010Index 2 for Path 45/Row 27 on 03/26/00 = Scene_ID 7045027000008650Index 1 for Path 45/Row 28 on 03/21/01 = Scene_ID 5045028000108010Index 3 for Path 46/Row 26 on 05/07/01 = Scene_ID 7046026000112750Index 4 for Path 46/Row 27 on 05/31/01 = Scene_ID 5046027000115110Index 5 for Path 46/Row 28 on 04/10/00 = Scene_ID 5046028000010110Index 6 for Path 47/Row 26 on 02/13/00 = Scene_ID 5047026000004410Index 7 for Path 47/Row 27 on 02/26/02 = Scene_ID 7047027000205750Index 7 for Path 47/Row 28 on 02/26/02 = Scene_ID 7047028000205750Index 8 for Path 48/Row 26 on 04/03/01 = Scene_ID 7048026000109350Index 8 for Path 48/Row 27 on 04/03/01 = Scene_ID 7048027000109350LEAF ON (Summer)-Index 1 for Path 45/Row 26 on 07/16/00 = Scene_ID 7045026000019850Index 2 for Path 45/Row 27 on 07/22/02 = Scene_ID 7045027000220350Index 1 for Path 45/Row 28 on 07/16/00 = Scene_ID 7045028000019850Index 3 for Path 46/Row 26 on 08/11/01 = Scene_ID 7046026000122350Index 4 for Path 46/Row 27 on 07/07/00 = Scene_ID 7046027000018950Index 4 for Path 46/Row 28 on 07/07/00 = Scene_ID 7046028000018950Index 5 for Path 47/Row 26 on 07/30/00 = Scene_ID 7047026000021250Index 5 for Path 47/Row 27 on 07/30/00 = Scene_ID 7047027000021250Index 6 for Path 47/Row 28 on 07/01/01 = Scene_ID 7047028000118250Index 7 for Path 48/Row 26 on 07/21/00 = Scene_ID 7048026000020350Index 8 for Path 48/Row 27 on 06/03/00 = Scene_ID 7048027000015550LEAF-OFF (Fall)-Index 1 for Path 45/Row 26 on 10/18/99 = Scene_ID 7045026009929150Index 2 for Path 45/Row 27 on 10/04/00 = Scene_ID 7045027000027850Index 3 for Path 45/Row 28 on 08/17/00 = Scene_ID 7045028000023050Index 4 for Path 46/Row 26 on 09/12/01 = Scene_ID 7046026000125550Index 5 for Path 46/Row 27 on 09/25/00 = Scene_ID 7046027000026950Index 5 for Path 46/Row 28 on 09/25/00 = Scene_ID 7046028000026950Index 6 for Path 47/Row 26 on 10/05/01 = Scene_ID 7047026000127850Index 7 for Path 47/Row 27 on 11/01/99 = Scene_ID 7047027009930550Index 8 for Path 47/Row 28 on 10/16/99 = Scene_ID 7047028009928950Index 9 for Path 48/Row 26 on 09/23/00 = Scene_ID 7048026000026750Index 9 for Path 48/Row 27 on 09/23/00 = Scene_ID 7048027000026750Landsat data and ancillary data used for the imperviousness prediction -Data Type of DEM composed of 1 band and a Continuous Variable Type.Data Type of Slope composed of 1 band and a Continuous Variable Type.Data Type of Aspect composed of 1 band of Categorical Variable Type.Data type of Position Index composed of 1 band of Continuous Variable Type.Ancillary data used for urban area masking include:1. NOAA Defense Meteorological Satellite Program 1 km city light data (1 band)2. MRLC 1992 classification (1 band)3. TIGER 2000 roads (1 band)4. Washington Populated Places (1 band)5. Washington City Limits data (1 band)6. Washington Urban Areas (1 band)7. Washington Highway Urban Areas (1 band)
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Landsat ETM, DEM, IKONOS, Space Imaging
Process_Date: Unknown
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS NLCD
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: National Center, EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 605/594-6933
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: custserv@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact_Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating to the data display and download from this web site. Questions about the NLCD mapping zone 01 can be directed to the NLCD 2001 land cover mapping team at the National Center, EROS, Sioux Falls, SD (605) 594-6151 or mrlc@usgs.gov.

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 13658
Column_Count: 14120
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 30.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Layer_1
Entity_Type_Definition: NLDC Imperviousness Layer
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: National Land Cover Database 2001
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Definition: Percent Imperviousness
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 100
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percentage
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count
Attribute_Definition:
A nominal integer value that designates the number of pixels that have each value in the file; histogram column in ERDAS Imagine raster attributes table
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Integer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Red
Attribute_Definition:
Red color code for RGB slice by value for canopy image display purposes. The value is arbitrarily assigned by the display software package, unless defined by user. Standard user defined ramp for NLCD project is start color light gray, end color red.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 100
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: CSS Color Value Percentage
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Green
Attribute_Definition:
Green color code for RGB slice by value for canopy image display purposes. The value is arbitrarily assigned by the display software package, unless defined by user. Standard user defined ramp for NLCD project is start color light gray, end color red.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 100
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: CSS Color Value Percentage
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Blue
Attribute_Definition:
Blue color code for RGB slice by value for canopy image display purposes. The value is arbitrarily assigned by the display software package, unless defined by user. Standard user defined ramp for NLCD project is start color light gray, end color red.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 100
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: CSS Color Value Percentage
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Opacity
Attribute_Definition:
A measure of how opaque, or solid, a color is displayed in a layer.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 100
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Percentage
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: Attributes defined by USGS and ESRI.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Attribute accuracy is described, where present, with each attribute defined in the Entity and Attribute Section. Note: To ensure all areas of mapping zone 01 are completely covered, a 3,000 meter (100 Landsat pixels) buffer was added to the boundary of mapping zone 01.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: National Center, EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 605/594-6933
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: custserv@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact_Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating to the data display and download from this web site. Questions about the NLCD mapping zone 01 can be directed to the NLCD 2001 land cover mapping team at the National Center, EROS, Sioux Falls, SD (605) 594-6151 or mrlc@usgs.gov.
Resource_Description: Downloadable data
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the USGS, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the use of the data on any other system, nor does the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. Data may have been compiled from various outside sources. Spatial information may not meet National Map Accuracy Standards. This information may be updated without notification. The USGS shall not be liable for any activity involving these data, installation, fitness of the data for a particular purpose, its use, or analyses results.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc/Info Export Format and/or ArcView Shapefile
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 9.0
Format_Specification: ASCII
Transfer_Size: 0.001
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://seamless.usgs.gov>
Access_Instructions:
The URL <http://seamless.usgs.gov> provides a map interface that allows for data downloads within a customer defined area of interest. Zoom tools are available that can be used to investigate areas of interest on the map interface. The download tool allows the customer to capture layers from the map, utilizing the Seamless Data Distribution System process for downloading. A request summary page is then generated with the download layers listed. By clicking the "download" button on the summary page, a zipped file will be generated that can be saved on the customer's computer. The file can then be unzipped and imported into various user software applications.
Online_Computer_and_Operating_System: Not available for dissemination
Fees: None
Ordering_Instructions: Contact Customer Services
Turnaround: Variable
Custom_Order_Process: Contact Customer Services Representative
Technical_Prerequisites:
ESRI ArcMap Suite and/or Arc/Info software, and supporting operating systems.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050705
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Services Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: National Center, EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 605/594-6933
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: custserv@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: None
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

City: Sioux Falls

Country: US

City: Sioux Falls

Country: US

City: Sioux Falls

Country: US

City: Portland

Country: US

City: Sioux Falls

Country: US

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Wed Apr 10 12:34:25 2013